With the increase of age, the tissue gradually dehydrates and the elasticity is reduced; osteoporosis, poor strength and overlap, weight-bearing lower limb flexion; intervertebral disc degeneration, increased curvature of the spine, degenerative changes and fibrosis of elastic connective tissue such as ligament.
These changes cause height, weight loss and changes in body posture in the elderly.
Therefore, it is important for the elderly to pay attention to keeping the body posture correct.
In the early days of the elderly, the body should be natural, stable, and correct, that is, the upper limbs naturally sag, chest and abdomen, and the upper body should not be tilted left and right, so that the lower limbs are evenly stressed.
When the elderly using the cane is taller, the center of gravity should be on both lower limbs, and do not bow forward.
Older people should moderately perform systemic activities to maintain the normal function of muscles, bones, joints and ligaments to cause aging.
The correct standing position can prevent the elderly from avoiding the trunk shape, hunchback and other unhealthy body shape, which is an important symbol of the health of the elderly.
Sitting posture, usually sitting, sitting and sitting, the elderly can choose according to habits and health conditions.
Incorrect sitting posture can cause curvature of the spine, local discomfort and muscle strain, which are important causes of low back pain and deformity.
Sitting time should not be too long, otherwise it will cause fatigue due to excessive pulling of muscles and ligaments.
When the elderly are seated, they should pay attention to the movements that are gentle and stable. The posture should be kept straight and the balance of the trunk muscles should be balanced; the upper limbs should be relaxed, the two hands should be closed on the legs, or other natural and habitual postures should be taken;Flexed, feet together.
Do not include the chest back, nor the habit of “two legs”, otherwise it will affect the blood circulation of the lower limbs, causing numbness of the legs and feet.
Older people who often work at the desk or sit for a long time should pay attention to the appropriate amount of physical activity. After sitting down, they should move up and adjust the burden of muscles and ligaments. As much as possible, be careful to avoid squatting.
In a lying position, the side lying is more reasonable than the prone and supine.
After surveying more than 2,000 elderly people, 60%?
When 75% of the elderly sleep, they are used to the right side.
This can reduce the pressure on the heart and help to recover from peristalsis.
Of course, it is impossible to stay the same overnight regardless of the posture.
However, it should be based on the right side.
Prone and supine will significantly affect breathing and should be avoided as much as possible.
It is advisable for the elderly to sleep on a brown bed or a hard bed with a thick cushion.
Pillows should be softer, and the height should be the same level as the head and torso when lying on the side. Otherwise, it may cause low back pain or neck and shoulder pain.
The old man walks around every day.
But the posture of walking should be correct, stable, natural, the upper body should be straight, the two arms swing naturally, the stride is moderate, and the walk is even and powerful.
When walking, the abdominal muscles have a rhythmic contraction, the upper and lower movements of the diaphragm are strengthened, the lung capacity is gradually increased, and the lung function is strengthened.
Moderate walking can also promote blood circulation, help digestion, and regulate the function of the nervous system.